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Prediction model of reservoir porosity via incorporating Particle Swarm Optimisation into an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System; application to Triassic reservoirs of the Hassi R’mel field (Algeria)

A. Cherana and L. Aliouane


Conventional methods for estimating porosity from core data are often limited by their spatial coverage, time-consuming nature, high cost, and inability to capture the entire underground reservoir. To address these challenges, this paper proposes a soft computing method using an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) to estimate porosity in a conventional gas reservoir. The approach involves integrating well-logging data and the ANFIS model with a Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO) training algorithm to predict the underground porosity model in the Hassi R’mel region of the Algerian Sahara. The choice of this hybrid method was based on its superior performance compared to other models. Although the Hassi R’mel reservoirs are of Triassic clay sandstones, originated by the fluviatile depositional environment that lay on top of the Hercynian surface, the characterisation of their properties still requires refinement to improve the reservoir performance and address the problems faced using appropriate technologies. With an average porosity of 15% and permeability ranging from 250 to 650 mD, the ANFIS method shows excellent accuracy compared to core data, and a reliability of 85%. Overall, the ANFIS-PSO hybrid model proves to be a dependable and efficient technique for porosity prediction, surpassing traditional methods.